With the end of season finally upon us for many of our most popular kids sports, we’re seeing a huge spike in the number of youngsters we’re seeing in the clinic with injuries. Unfortunately, many of the most common growth related injuries (Severs, Osgoods Schlatters, Sinding Larson etc.) affect the most active and sporty children at a time they are experiencing growth spurts. Although there is a part of this that we can’t control (growth!), what we are seeing increasingly contribute to the injuries these kids are presenting with is very frequent, intense participation in single sports. We also see this across a huge spectrum of sports, so football, swimming, gymnastics, tennis, dance & more!
Our sporting culture here in the UK (and many other countries too) is to ‘pigeon hole’ children into a single sport from a very early age. Before they know it, children are training / playing / competing / performing in a single sport 5 – 7 days a week! Unfortunately, much of this early specialisation in single sports is driven by the coaches and/or teams. Parents and children fear that if they don’t specialise and fully commit to a single sport they are risking their chance and future success.
The intentions of most parents, coaches and teams is well meaning – the more they train or practice for the sport, surely the better they’ll get and the higher the chances of ‘success’ (defining what success is is a whole other topic that won’t be covered here!).
However, all the evidence points towards the opposite being true – there are many benefits to playing multiple sports and risks to early specialisation in a single sport. The title image of this blog was recently published in the Sports Business Journal, why kids shouldn’t specialise in one sport is discussed here.
The benefits of playing multiple sports
- Improved sporting performance – studies suggest playing multiple sports at a young age will actually enhance sporting performance in the long run
- Between the crucial development ages of 6 – 12, playing multiple sports will enhance development of fundamental movement skills
- Increased athleticism, strength and conditioning – playing a single sport can improve skill for that particular sport, but can limit overall athletic ability
- Increase chance of developing a lifelong love of playing sport / exercising – if enjoyment, fun and variety are the focus, children are less likely to burnout
- Develops a more creative athlete by exposure to many skills, situations and environments
The risks to early specialisation in sport
- Injuries – repeated movement and demands placed upon developing bodies can increase risk of injury. The more movement variety youngsters have, the less risk they have go picking up an injury.
- Burnout (see the great infographic below on how to prevent this).
- Social isolation – commitment in hours to training, travel and competing can have an impact on a youngsters social life.
- Early over-professionalisation – sport is seen in an adult, commercial context with winning being the main focus.
The crux of it is, for the majority of youngsters, taking part in sport is a way for children to develop well physically, have fun, enjoy activity with friends and importantly install lifelong love of being physically active to help them live a healthy life!
Unfortunately for many sports, naivety from the top won’t change things, it’s very shortsighted and their well-meaning intentions don’t actually have the health and wellbeing of children as a priority. However, sports such as Hockey, do give a glimmer of hope. Their Player Pathway is an excellent example of a great framework for specialisation.
- They don’t identify ‘talent’ until players reach 12/13
- Their over riding aim is to “provide fun, enjoyable, learning for every player”
- They develop close links with local clubs and schools
- They provide an extra 6-10 hours training a season for ‘talented’ players which then leads to a very structured pathway of progression
- Children can continue playing for their local and/or school team
So, what’s the takeaways from this:
- Evidence suggests that children should take part in multiple sports and avoid specialisation until they reach adolescence (around 13, The American Association of Paediatrics says 15)
- Offer lot’s of opportunities to they different sports and activities whenever you can
- The focus should be on fun and enjoyment
- If they do get an injury, seek professional advice. That may need specific guidance on an exercise programme, training programme and activity modification to help them
You can read another great article on the subject here.